» Veterinary Medicine Division
Initially, the Division of Experimental Medicine and Surgery (EMS) was established in 1975 during the fourth plan with a mandate to undertake modern research and education programme pertaining to clinical and surgical management of complex disease problems in farm animals. The Division of Medicine was bifurcated from the Division of Experimental Medicine and Surgery and was established as independent youngest division in September, 1993.
- Therapeutic potential of some herbs (Amla (Emblica myrobalans), harad (Chebulic myrobalans) and Behera (Beleric myrobalans)) against experimentally produced gastric ulcer and urolithiasis in pigs was established.
- The insulin release effect of Aegle marmelos leaves and antilipidemic potential of mango leaves were first established and documented.
- Metabolic profile for forecasting production diseases in bovines was documented.
- Effective polymodal therapy for treatment of production diseases was established under field conditions.
- A suitable model to study clinico-pathological and diagnostic aspects of varied degrees of renal damage in goats has been developed.
- Blood as well as plasma transfusion for management of anemia in animals was established.
- Cud therapy for effective management of ruminal acidosis in sheep/goats was evaluated.
- The residual effects of MIC gas on vital organ function of animals was documented.
- Herbal formulation, Olinall, was commercialized against skin diseases.
- Detailed study of fluoride, lead and cadmium toxicity in animals was conducted and some medicinal herbs as ameiliorative measures against such heavy metal toxicity were identified.
- Diagnostic confirmation of nux vomica poisoning in dogs using chemical and biological tests was conducted.
- Scientifically validated 21 indigenous technical knowledge (ITK) under National Agricultural Innovative Project and found that 11 out of 21 ITKs bear scientific relevance and could be used in controlling animal diseases.
- Mineral status of soil, fodder and animal serum in Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh was mapped and area Specific Mineral Mixtures were developed for Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- Intrahepatic porto-systemic-shunt was diagnosed for the first time in India.
- Ethanolic extract of Xanthium strumarium (Chhota- Gokhur ), Parthenium hysterophorus (Congress grass), and Nycanthes arbortistis (Harsingar) possessed high antitrypanosomal activity in vitro.
- Methanolic extracts of Curcuma longa (Haldi) and aqueous extract of Emblica officinalis (Amla) exhibited 63 % and 56% antibacterial activity respectively against bovine mastitis.
- A preparation consisting of Cedrus deodara, Pongamia glabra, Jatropha curcas and benzyl benzoate with ascorbic acid was formulated to effectively treat sarcoptic mange in sheep.
- Heat shock protein-70 was established to be effective as biomarker for detection of arsenic toxicity in chickens.
- Established tail hair as a useful biomarker for detecting of environmental exposure of animals to arsenic, lead and cadmium
- Oral electrolyte solution with high energy and glutamine was established as better supportive therapy in calf diarrhea.
- Effective Anti-Diarrheal Herbal Formulation was developed and submitted for patent.
- Hepatoprotective potentials of Camellia sinensis and Bombyx mori extracts were established in laboratory animal model.
- Therapeutic management of canine atopic dermatitis by combination of pentoxifylline and PUFAs was documented.
- Immunotherapeutic potential Azadirachta indica, Phyllanthus emblica and Curcuma longa extracts were investigated in treatment of bovine mastitis.
- A bioorganomineral preparation against skin ailments in animals was formulated and submitted for patent.
- Antiviral activity of medicinal plant against H1N1 and antineoplastic activity in skin neoplasia were documented.
- Information on 168 medicinal plants, active principles, traditional use, scientifically validated action, side effects for researchers, students and policy makers was compiled.
- A herbal drug technology (Fluoricure) was invented for amelioration of fluorosis in animals and submitted for patent.
- Herbo-mineral preparation was formulated to control tick and applied for patent.
- Hepatoprotective potential of crude extract of Eclipta alba, Solanum nigrum, Macrotyloma uniflorum, Murraya koenigii and Phyllanthus niruri was established in laboratory animal model.